Correct Concrete Cover to Reinforcement
to reinforcing steel not only affects the durability of the concrete but also
the extent and severity of cracking under working loads. In conditions of fire
the amount of
also governs the time scale before damage to the reinforced concrete
elements occur. Attention to correct detailing practices, which include making
allowances for permissible tolerances of both reinforcing and form-work, the
maintenance of good construction practices and the specification of and use of
the correct number and type of
reinforcing cover devices
will ensure that the rebar can be placed and maintained in the position intended.
Normal cover required should be clearly shown on all relevant drawings. The amount of nominal cover is dependant upon the size and type of the structural member, the environmental conditions to which it will be exposed (including fire), the class of concrete and the type and size of reinforcing bar which will be used.
Actual cover obtained on site should never be less than the minimum nominal cover specified by the relevant authorities, nor more than the minimum, plus variations as specified.
Positive tolerances on cover are as important as negative. To ignore them would
invalidate design assumptions relating to effective depth and would also influence
the width of surface cracks under design loads.
1. Ensures protection of the Rebar from the environment by providing a
2. Ensures that concrete completely encircles Rebar allowing passivation.
3. Ensures that concrete completely encircles Rebar allowing complete bond to     develop.
4. Allows the Rebar to assume position and act as designed.
5. Prevents staining.
6. Privides a time lag in cases of fire.
The engineer and detailer should specify and schedule the correct number and type of cover devices required.